Zambia's Economic Life

Zambia's Politics and Laws

Zambia started off as one-party state in February 1972 during Kenneth Caunda's reign who fought a good fight of independence and focused on humanism for 27 years, from 1964 to 1991. His political party, the United National Independence Party (UNIP) was founded in 1959. During 1990, it became a multiparty state with the help of Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD). In 1991, MMD candidate Frederick Chiluba won over Kaunda with 76% of the vote. A clash between Kaunda and Chiluba arise for the next 10 years. In 2001, MMDL Levy Mwanawasa was declared the victor. There where three petitions submitted to the high court due to the result of the said elections but didn't succeed. When Mwanawasa died, vice-president Rupiah Banda became the president on August 2008. In 2011, Banda lost the re-election to Michael Sata from Patrioric Front which ended the 20 years rule by 3 presidents from the MMD. In 2015 up to present, Edgar Chagwa Lungu's presidency has been criticized failing. He solved the constitutional issues when he approved the 2015 Consitutional Bill.